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17-08-2017
When must you register for VAT?

When must you register for VAT?

The taxable turnover threshold, that determines whether businesses should be registered for VAT is currently £85,000. Businesses are required to register for VAT if they meet any of the following conditions: At the end of any month, the value of the taxable supplies made in the past 12 months or less has exceeded £85,000. At any time, there are reasonable grounds for ... read more

17-08-2017
BPP holdings Supreme Court decision

BPP holdings Supreme Court decision

The Supreme Court has dismissed HMRC’s appeal in a long running case between the BPP Group of companies (who provide professional and academic education) and HMRC. The case initially centred on the VAT liability of supplies of books and education by BPP. BPP had a corporate restructure in 2006 and began to use one company to supply the books (BPP University College of ... read more

17-08-2017
What are overlap profits?

What are overlap profits?

The assessment of self-employed or partnership profits is relatively straight-forward if the accounting date, to which accounts are prepared, falls between 31 March and 5 April. However, year ends that fall outside these dates create overlap profits. Overlap profits can be created in the first 3 years of the business or in any year in which there is a change of basis period ... read more

17-08-2017
Dormant company obligations

Dormant company obligations

If a company has stopped trading and has no other income then HMRC should be informed that it’s dormant for Corporation Tax purposes. HMRC can also send a notification if they think a company is dormant. This notice will state that a company or association is dormant and is not required to pay Corporation Tax or file Company Tax Returns. A company is usually dormant for ... read more

17-08-2017
100% write down for qualifying capital expenditure

100% write down for qualifying capital expenditure

The Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) limit has changed significantly over the last number of years. However, the limit has been fixed at £200,000 for all qualifying expenditure on or after 1 January 2016. The current £200,000 limit is a generous allowance and will more than cover the annual capital expenditure spend of many small and medium sized businesses. There are ... read more

17-08-2017
Choosing a company name

Choosing a company name

Companies House guidance sets out the main requirements for incorporating a company in the UK. The guidance entitled Incorporation and Names also provides advice on checking which names are acceptable to Companies House when naming a company. Choosing a company name can be one of the most important considerations for a new business. The name must meet certain legal ... read more

10-08-2017
What qualifies for 10% Entrepreneurs’ Relief?

What qualifies for 10% Entrepreneurs’ Relief?

Entrepreneurs' Relief applies to the sale of a business, shares in a trading company or an individual’s interest in a trading partnership. Where Entrepreneurs' Relief is available CGT of 10% is payable rather than the normal main rate of 20%. This can significantly reduce the amount of CGT due. When the relief was first introduced there was a lifetime limit of £1 million for ... read more

10-08-2017
How to roll-over capital gains

How to roll-over capital gains

Business Asset Rollover Relief allows for the deferral of Capital Gains Tax (CGT) on gains when you sell or dispose of certain assets and use all or part of the proceeds to buy new assets. The relief means that the tax on the gain of the old asset is postponed. The amount of the gain is effectively rolled over into the cost of the new asset and any CGT liability is deferred ... read more

10-08-2017
Holiday lets occupancy rules

Holiday lets occupancy rules

The furnished holiday let (FHL) rules allow holiday lettings of properties that meet certain conditions to be treated as a trade for tax purposes. In order to qualify as a furnished holiday letting, the following occupancy criteria need to be met: The property must be let on a commercial basis with a view to the realisation of profits. Second homes or properties that are ... read more

10-08-2017
Claiming back VAT on fuel

Claiming back VAT on fuel

HMRC offers a number of alternative methods for claiming back VAT on car fuel where there may be a mix of business and private mileage. They fall into a number of broad categories: Standard scale charge - HMRC operates a useful simplification measure that allows businesses to use a standardised scale charge to value fuel costs for private use. The scale charge is a fixed ... read more

10-08-2017
VAT capital goods scheme

VAT capital goods scheme

The VAT Capital Goods Scheme (CGS) adjusts the initial VAT recovery in respect of certain assets over either 5 or 10 year period. The scheme seeks to agree a fair and reasonable attribution of VAT to taxable supplies and non-taxable supplies relating to the use of an asset over its lifetime. In effect, the recovery of VAT input tax following the capital expenditure, is spread ... read more

10-08-2017
Carry back charitable contributions

Carry back charitable contributions

Donations to charities are a recognised way to benefit charities and certain tax payers. To facilitate these advantages, taxpayers must ensure they keep a proper record of all donations to back up claims on their tax return. Donations that are made through the Gift Aid scheme allow for the recipient charity to claim 25p worth of tax relief on every pound donated. Higher rate ... read more

02-08-2017
The end of disincorporation relief?

The end of disincorporation relief?

Disincorporation involves the transfer of a business from a private limited company to a sole trader or partnership. Disincorporation relief was introduced from 1 April 2013 and is effectively a form of roll-over or deferral relief. The relief is due to end on 31 March 2018. The relief allows a company to transfer certain types of assets to its shareholders without the ... read more

02-08-2017
Landlords, what expenses can you claim?

Landlords, what expenses can you claim?

It is important that landlords are aware of the expenses that can be deducted from their rental income. As a rule, these expenses must be wholly and exclusively for the purposes of renting out the property in question. Since April 2017, tax relief on mortgage costs used to buy investment properties is being gradually restricted to the basic rate of tax. The reduction in the ... read more

02-08-2017
VAT – what you cannot reclaim

VAT – what you cannot reclaim

Most VAT registered businesses are entitled to reclaim the VAT they incur on goods and services used by the business. This is known as input VAT. Some of the common areas where VAT cannot be reclaimed include the following: Goods and services used to make exempt supplies. VAT doesn't apply to everything and there are certain supplies which are specifically not subject to ... read more

02-08-2017
Tax write downs for business cars

Tax write downs for business cars

Capital allowances allow businesses to secure tax relief for certain capital expenditure. Qualifying expenditure on cars must usually be allocated to one of two general pools of expenditure. Which pool is appropriate depends on the car’s CO2 emissions. Expenditure on cars with CO2 emissions over 130g/km will be dealt with in the special rate pool and will attract a WDA of 8% ... read more

02-08-2017
Company purchase of own shares

Company purchase of own shares

As a general principle, when a company makes a purchase of its own shares, any payment in excess of the amount of capital originally subscribed for the shares is treated as a distribution (taxed as income not a capital gain). However, there are special provisions that enable an unquoted trading company or an unquoted holding company of a trading group to undertake a purchase of ... read more

02-08-2017
Let property disclosure campaign

Let property disclosure campaign

HMRC’s Let Property Campaign provides landlords who have undeclared income from residential property lettings in the UK or abroad with an opportunity to regularise their affairs by disclosing any outstanding liabilities whether due to misunderstanding the tax rules or because of deliberate tax evasion. HMRC has recently updated their online guidance Let Property Campaign, ... read more

01-08-2017
Supreme Court declares employment tribunal fees unlawful

Supreme Court declares employment tribunal fees unlawful

In R (on the application of Unison) v Lord Chancellor 2017, the Supreme Court has ruled that employment tribunal and Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) fees are unlawful and it has quashed the Employment Tribunals and the Employment Appeal Tribunal Fees Order 2013 with immediate effect. The Supreme Court held that the fees regime was unlawful under both UK and EU law as it ... read more

28-07-2017
Tax Diary August/September 2017

1 August 2017 - Due date for Corporation Tax due for the year ended 31 October 2016. 19 August 2017 - PAYE and NIC deductions due for month ended 5 August 2017. (If you pay your tax electronically the due date is 22 August 2017) 19 August 2017 - Filing deadline for the CIS300 monthly return for the month ended 5 August 2017. 19 August 2017 - CIS tax deducted for the month ... read more